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River Birch – Heat-Tolerant Birch
Why River Birch (Betula Nigra)?
Betula nigra, often known as the copper birch, is a birch species endemic to the Eastern United States. The river birch may be found in its native habitat near riverbanks, as its name indicates. Its bark on its trunk has a unique appearance and is often planted in clumps of 3 trees, which makes it a desirable decorative tree for use in landscaping. Deer and other animals that graze on vegetation consume the leaves, while a diverse group of songbirds enjoys feeding on seeds that may not be large but abundant.
The species is prized for its relatively quick development, resistance to birch borer, unusual curled bark, spreading limbs, and tolerance of both wetness and some degree of dryness.
The river birch can withstand mild dryness in addition to moderate levels of floods and is most successful when planted in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, and clay-based soils.
Since it thrives in soils that are too acidic for other species of hardwood trees, the river birch is often used for mining reclamation and erosion control in regions where mining is widespread.
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Interactive Excerpt From USDA Plant Guide